保安公司推动建立区域的安全架构 - 常见问题

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        保安公司推动建立区域的安全架构

        来源:http://www.thesisco.com  发布时间:2018-02-21
        既然“一带一路”需要确立总体安全观,那么,如何在实践中贯彻总体安全观,确立维护“一带一路”沿线国家安全的立体化保障机制呢?结合“一带一路”愿景的要求和沿线国家面临的各种安全挑战,最主要是各方要承担起应尽的责任,推动安全对话和磋商,探讨建立亚洲区域安全合作框架。具体来说,主要应该从以下四个方面努力:
        Since the "The Belt and Road" to establish the overall concept of security, so, how to implement the overall security concept in practice, the establishment of three-dimensional security mechanism to maintain "The Belt and Road along national security? With a variety of security challenges The Belt and Road vision requirements and along the country's most important is that the parties to assume responsibility, to promote security dialogue and consultation, to explore the establishment of the Asian regional security cooperation framework. Specifically, the main efforts should be made from the following four aspects:
        一是加强国家安全治理体系。
        One is to strengthen the system of national security governance.
        美国反恐战争的教训表明,即便是武装到牙齿,外部力量也无法真正解决一国国内的安全问题,更无法建立一个替代性的安全保障体制。在安全问题上,真正靠得住的还是国家,只有建立在一国独立安全治理体系基础之上安全保障,才能真正提供安全保障,其他外部力量不能越俎代庖。因此,中国倡议推进“一带一路”,必须首先遵守《联合国宪章》所确立的宗旨和原则,尊重沿线各国的主权和领土完整,不得干涉其内部事务,沿线国家如何提供安全保障,采取什么样的体制和机制,以及由什么样的人提供安全保障,都是其内部事务,其他国家都无权干涉。那种对其他国家的安全指手画脚的做法,非但不能真正解决安全问题,反而可能会恶化安全局势。当然,如果应东道国要求,经联合国安理会授权,国际社会也可以采取维和行动或实施国际干涉,但即便如此,在安全问题上也必须严格坚守底线,不得超越联合国安理会授权的范围。
        The lessons learned from the US war on terror show that even when armed to the teeth, external forces can not really solve the domestic security problems of a country, and even fail to establish an alternative security system. On security issues, really reliable or the country, only the establishment of a country in the independent safety management system based on security, to provide security and other external forces can not for others. Therefore, Chinese initiative to promote the "The Belt and Road", must comply with the purposes and principles of the establishment of the "UN Charter", respect along the national sovereignty and territorial integrity, not to interfere in their internal affairs, how to provide security along the country, what kind of system and mechanism, and the security provided by what who are the internal affairs of other countries have no right to interfere. The approach to the security of other countries is not a real solution to the security problem, but it may worsen the security situation. Of course, if the host country's request is authorized by the UN Security Council, the international community can also take peacekeeping operations or carry out international interference, but even so, we must strictly adhere to the bottom line and not exceed the authorized scope of the UN Security Council.
        二是加强国家海外安全体系。
        The two is to strengthen the country's overseas security system.
        在东道国无法提供安全保障的情况下,在推进“一带一路”过程中,中国必须重视依靠自己的力量,加强国家海外安全服务体系,为境外中国公民和法人提供安全保障服务。一般来说,中国在沿线国家都设立了大使馆和领事馆,外交和领事?;な亲钗<谋;ずM饫娴幕?,中国可以借鉴学习发达国家的领事?;せ?,对我国现有的领事?;せ平星炕痛葱?,增强国家的领事?;ず桶踩竦哪芰?。除了采取外交和领事?;ね?,中国也可以采取派遣军事力量,以和平方式提供安全?;し?。比如2008年以来中国军舰多次赴亚丁湾海域护航,为国际商船提供反海盗等安全保障,中国??站晒Σ斡肜妊浅非刃卸?,进一步展示了在海外利益?;ぶ芯铀芊⒒拥闹匾饔?。今后,中国要大力加强军事力量走出去步伐,有效遂行非战争军事行动任务,加强应急救援、海上护航、撤离海外公民等海外行动能力建设,为维护国家海外利益提供可靠的安全保障。驻外警务联络机构积极协助外交部门加强对驻在国(地区)治安形势及针对华人犯罪情况的检控、调研和评估,切实维护中国在当地公民和中资机构的合法权益。“一带一路”建设是国家利益的延伸,相应地也要推动安全保障体系的延伸,真正做到国家利益到哪里,安全保障和安全服务就延伸到哪里。
        Unable to provide in the host security situation, in the process of promoting the "Belt and Road Initiative", Chinese must pay attention to rely on their own strength, strengthen national security system for overseas service, to provide security services for overseas citizens and legal persons China. In general, Chinese have set up embassies and consulates along the country, diplomatic and consular protection is the most common mechanism to protect the interests of overseas, China can learn the consular protection mechanism in developed countries, strengthening and innovation of consular protection mechanism existing in China, enhance the ability of foreign consular protection and security service. In addition to diplomatic and consular protection, China can also take military forces to provide security services in a peaceful way. For example, since 2008 China warships repeatedly went to the Gulf of Aden escort, to provide security for the international anti piracy merchant, Chinese successfully participated in naval and air evacuation operations in Libya, further demonstrated the important role of the army in the protection of overseas interests can play. In the future, China should vigorously strengthen the military force to go the pace, effectively carry out non war military operations tasks, strengthen emergency rescue, maritime escort, evacuation of overseas citizens overseas action ability construction, provide reliable security for the maintenance of national interests overseas. Overseas police liaison mechanism to actively assist the Department to strengthen the foreign country (region) and the security situation for the Chinese criminal prosecution, investigation and assessment, and earnestly safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of citizens and Chinese in the local Chinese funded institutions. "The Belt and Road construction is extended to the interests of the state, and accordingly to promote the extension of security system, truly national interests where security and safety services extended to where.
        三是加强区域安全合作体系。
        The three is to strengthen the regional security cooperation system.
        在很多情况下,尽管中国有能力提供安全服务,但一些问题不允许采取派遣军队的办法提供安全?;?。在这些问题上,中国还可以和国际组织、国家集团等第三方合作?;さ闹泄M饫?,特别是通过依托一些区域安全组织和安全机制,推动建设区域安全合作体系。比如中国推动建立了上海合作组织,并开展了一系列反恐军事演习,在一个跨边境地区,通过有关国家的集体努力,联合提供区域安全保障服务。此外,中国还可以借助一些国际安全机构,维护中国公民和法人的安全。比如中国企业积极参与阿富汗战后重建,北约则给予中国企业以诸多安全支持和?;?,德国在当地的驻军许诺并多次在中方安全受到威胁时提供迅速和直接的帮助,包括医疗援助、道路维护和工地排雷等。一些国际组织如国际红十字会等也在帮助中国解救人质上给予了很大配合。
        In many cases, although China has the ability to provide security services, some issues are not allowed to provide security by sending troops. On these issues, China can also cooperate with the three parties, such as international organizations and state groups, to protect China's overseas interests, especially by relying on some regional security organizations and security mechanisms, so as to promote the construction of regional security cooperation system. For example, China has promoted the establishment of the Shanghai cooperation organization, and has launched a series of counter-terrorism military exercises. In a cross border area, it provides joint regional security services through the collective efforts of the countries concerned. In addition, China can also use some international security institutions to safeguard the security of Chinese citizens and legal persons. For example, China enterprises to actively participate in the post-war reconstruction of Afghanistan, NATO has given China enterprise with many security support and protection of German troops on the ground in China and promised repeatedly threatened to provide rapid and direct assistance, including medical aid, road maintenance and construction land mine etc.. Some international organizations, such as the International Red Cross, have also made a great deal of cooperation in helping China to save the hostages.
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